Huancui Courtyards is situated in a valley of Huancui Park, Weihai, composed of four courtyard houses and public space. The main concern of the project is to deal with the complex topographical condition of the site as well as the precise scale of the pieces that confirm the clubhouse. Big scale public space is buried underground, terraced and integrated with the terrain, lessening the volumes aboveground and extending the landscape with its green roof. According to the terrain, the courtyards are at two levels. The volumes of two-storey height are turned into the lower bases and the upper horizontal volumes, making the horizontal form with the stretching out eaves and extending stone walls. Thus the building is pressed close to the ground and provides an intimate scale. Although the composition of courtyards and building units, pitched roofs and the symmetry of structure originate from the classical order, the space is modern because of the variety of zigzagging plan, which is according to the terrain, and the flow between interior and exterior that due to the extending walls.
The walls are constructed with two kinds of local stone to intensify the difference between the lower and upper volumes. The lower ones are made of rived-surface yellow rusty stone, expressing a close relationship with the earth. The upper ones are masoned with long blocks of machine-cut black stone, emphasizing the horizontality and preciseness. Some parts towards the courtyards are hollowed out for better ventilation and sunlight. The standing seam pitched roof system of titanium zinc alloy introduces some modernity to the traditional form and its gray colour makes the building veiled in the green trees. Integrated with the geography, the landscape is terraced with the retaining walls and creates a leisure outdoor space open to the public, which contains trees, big stones, water pools and cascades.
Client: Weihai Bureau of Landscape and Forestry
Location: Weihai, Shandong, China
Program: clubhouse, exhibition, etc.
Architects: Trace Architecture Office (TAO)
Principal architect: HUA Li
Design team: HUA Li, Jiang Nan, Yu Haiwen
Floor area: 12117 sq. m.
Structural system: reinforced concrete and steel structure